How dirty and stinky were medieval cities?
People in the Middle Ages were aware that a putrid urban environment was unhealthy, and according to Norwegian researchers they confronted the problem.
OPINION: White society has actively resisted critically reconsidering the significance of commemorative statues of colonialism. Rather than wait for the next statue-gate – let’s have a self-critical debate about what these statues actually represent.
A fierce cold period struck the Northern Hemisphere in the years from 536 AD to the 660s AD with no real summers. It became known as the Fimbulvinter – The Terrible Winter – and worked its way into Norse folklore. Now archaeological discoveries from this period reveal how people in Norway survived these tough years and researchers are surprised by the finds.
Researchers at the University of Bergen have expected more atrocious vandalism of cultural treasures in the UNESCO World Heritage Site Palmyra by members of the Islamic State, IS. Most of all, they fear that more of their scientific colleagues and friends in areas controlled by IS will be killed.